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Capital of Uttar Pradesh, Know the Capital City of Uttar Pradesh

Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh, India, is a vibrant and historically rich metropolis situated near the center of the state. Nestled on the banks of the Gomti River, approximately 45 miles northeast of Kanpur, Lucknow holds a special place in the heart of India. known as the city of ‘Nawabs,’ it serves as both a cultural hub and the administrative headquarters of the state. This article delves into the geographical details, historical significance, climate, cuisine and notable landmarks that make Lucknow a captivating destination.

Capital of Uttar Pradesh – Geography

Lucknow is strategically positioned, bordered by Barabanki to the east, Unnao to the west, Raebareli to the south and Sitarpur and Hardoi to the north. Sitting at an elevation of 123 meters above sea level, Lucknow covers an area of approximately 402 square km. The city is surrounded by multiple states, adding to its diverse and dynamic character.

Uttar Pradesh’s Capital – Historical Background

Lucknow’s historical journey dates back to 1528 when it fell under the rule of Babur, the first Mughal ruler of India. Later, under Akbar, it became part of Oudh province. The turning point came in 1775 when Asaf al-Dawlah, the nawab of Oudh, shifted his capital from Faizabad to Lucknow. The city witnessed the tumultuous events of the Indian Mutiny in 1857 when British commissioner Sir Henry Lawrence and European residents were besieged for months.

Climate of Lucknow, the Capital City of Uttar Pradesh

Lucknow enjoys a favorable climate throughout the year. Summers see temperatures ranging from 38 to 40 degrees Celsius, while winters bring milder temperatures around 15 degrees Celsius. This temperate climate makes Lucknow an inviting destination for visitors, allowing them to explore the city comfortably year-round.

Food Cuisine of Lucknow

The culinary scene in Lucknow is a delight for food enthusiasts. Renowned for its special dishes, the city’s royal chefs excel in preparing a variety of delectable offerings, including Kebabs, kormas, kaliya, kulchas, Sheermal, Roomali Roti and the iconic Lucknawi Biryani. These mouthwatering dishes are an integral part of Lucknow’s cultural identity.

Rivers in Lucknow

The city is graced by two main rivers, the Gomti and Sai, which contribute to Lucknow’s scenic beauty. The fertile soil along these rivers supports the cultivation of crops such as wheat, rice, field, pea and sugarcane, showcasing the agricultural significance of the region.

An Overview of Uttar Pradesh

  1. Population and Size: Home to a colossal population of nearly 20 crores, Uttar Pradesh stands as the most densely inhabited state in India.
  2. Administrative Divisions: Organized into 18 divisions encompassing a total of 75 districts, with its administrative hub located in the vibrant city of Lucknow.
  3. Geographical Extent: Spanning an expansive 240,928 sq. km (93,023 sq.mi) covers 7.34% of India’s total land area, securing its rank as the fourth-largest state in the country.
  4. Bordering States and International Boundaries: The Uttar Pradesh shares its borders with Bihar towards the east, Madhya Pradesh to the south, and touches the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast Rajasthan to the west, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi to the northwest, Uttarakhand and an international border with Nepal to the north.
  5. Metropolitan Presence: Uttar Pradesh proudly holds the highest number of metropolitan cities among all states in India, contributing significantly to the urban landscape of the nation.

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