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First Male Doctor in India, Know the Name

In India’s remarkable history, distinguished personalities have emerged as visionaries, challenging societal norms and achieving groundbreaking progress across various fields. Among these notable figures, Dr. Madhusudhan Gupta shines as a true trailblazer, earning the title of first male doctor in India. His exceptional journey not only transformed the landscape of healthcare but also challenged established gender norms.

First Male Doctor of India: Madhusudhan Gupta

Pandit Madhusudhan Gupta, born in 1800 into a family of traditional healers, challenged societal norms to emerge as a significant figure in the annals of Indian medicine. His path, marked by his defiance of familial expectations and his subsequent pioneering contributions to the field of medicine, underscores his unwavering resolve and dedication to pushing the boundaries of medical knowledge.

Basic Details

  • Birth date and place: 1800 at Baidyabati, Hoogly Bengal, British India
  • Education: The Sanskrit College and University
  • Occupation: Doctor
  • Known for: 1st Male in India under Western medicine
  • Institutions: Calcutta Medical College and Hospital

Early Life and Education

Gupta’s early life was marked by his rebellion against his family’s wishes to pursue education. Leaving home during his formative years, he later gained admission to the Ayurvedic class at the Sanskrit College in 1826. His natural aptitude for learning paved the way for his progression from a student to a teacher at the college by 1830.

The Translator of Medical Knowledge

During his time at the Sanskrit College, Gupta immersed himself in the study of both traditional Ayurvedic medicine and Western medical knowledge. His unique talent for languages and his dedication led him to translate English medical texts to Sanskrit. One of his notable translations was Hooper’s Anatomists’ Ved-mecum.

Calcutta Medical College

Madhusudhan Gupta played a significant role in the establishment of the Calcutta Medical College in 1835. This marked a turning point in the integration of Western medical practices in India. Gupta’s involvement was not limited to teaching; he played a central role in institution’s growth.

India’s First Human Discretion

One of Gupta’s ground breaking achievements was the performance of India’s first human discretion in 1836 at CMC. Gupta conducted this landmark discretion under the guidance of Professor Henry Goodeve by overcoming religious and cultural taboos against touching the deceased.

Advocacy for Medical Achievements

Gupta became a vocal advocate for various improvements in medical practices. His participation in the General Committee of the Fever Hospital and Municipal Improvements led to recommendations for better maternal care, sanitation practices and the adoption of smallpox vaccination.

Contributions to Research

Gupta’s research on the age of puberty among Indian girls challenged prevailing myths and misconceptions. His findings not only contributed to the understanding of psychological differences but also highlighted the importance of cultural contexts in medical research.


Pandit Madhusudhan Gupta’s impact on Indian medicine remains undeniable. His dedication to integrating tradition Indian practices with Western knowledge laid the foundation for modern medical education in India. Gupta’s contributions to medical translation, dissection and advocacy for improvements continue to shape medical practices in the country.

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